Resveratrol is a member of the family of polyphenols, which are very powerful antioxidants. It is found in the skin and seeds of grapes, but it was initially discovered in more exotic species (white veratrea, eucalyptus or the root of Japanese knotweed – used for centuries in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine). It is a substance whose synthesis is naturally induced by an environmental or pathogenic stress (such as a fungal attack such as Mildew or Botrytis in the case of the vine), intended for the protection of the plant. Its cardioprotective effect makes it an excellent candidate for solving the enigma of the “French paradox”, an expression which refers to the surprising situation in the region of South-West of France, where despite a high consumption of animal fats, a rate of relatively low cardiovascular disease occur. Studies report a chemopreventive role, neuroprotection, photoprotection or an anti-inflammatory property or even an age-reversing potential. Its cutaneous virtues are of the same order.